We have all heard of great architectural works such as the Colosseum, the Taj Mahal, the Great Wall of China, Machu Picchu and the Pyramids of Giza. But few know about other wonders located off the beaten path. Let’s discover some in Asia and Africa …
Derawar Fort, Pakistan
An imposing castle with a perimeter of 1.5 km and 40 bastions that are about 30 meters high. Located in the Cholistan Desert, you can reach with a day trip from the city of Bahawalpur (Punjab). The interior can only be visited if you obtain the from the local leader, the amir.
Chand Baori, India
A unique well with 3500 narrow steps that connect 13 floors, reaching the water at a depth of thirty meters. It is located in the village of Abhaneri in the Indian state of Rajasthan, and was built approximately in the 8th-9th centuries.
Great Mosque of Djenné, Mali
This is the largest mud building in the world, made almost entirely of adobe (material made from earth and other organic materials). The first mosque on the site was built around the 13th century, but the current structure dates from 1907and features a Sudano-Sahelian architectural style. Given the fragility of the construction material, the local community actively participates in the maintenance of the mosque during annual festivities by kneading and applying a pasty plaster.
The Great Wall of India – Kumbhalgarh
Kumbhalgarh is the second largest wall in the world, and is located in India’s Rajasthan State. The wall extends over 38 km, and in some points it is 4,5 meters thick. It was built during the course of the 15th century and protects 360 temples.
Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, Iran
It is one of the architectural masterpieces of Iranian architecture that was built during the Safavid Empire. Construction of the mosque started in 1603, in what is today’s city of Esfahan. The majolica of the central dome is decorated with arabesques that become smaller and smaller, while on the outside there are delicate tiles that change color during the day, from cream to pink.